Photo © 2017 CHOI+SHINE


2017  Marina Bay, Singapore



Jin Choi and Thomas Shine


Steel Fabrication :

Modern Metal Solutions 


Assembly Crew in Boston:

Thomas Shine

Susie Kim

Myungsu Ko

Yeseul Choi

Isabelle Lippincott

Hyokyung Lee


Installation Crew in Singapore:

Thomas Shine

Jin Choi

Young-eun Choi

Jaekyu Lee

SoYeong Ko


Hyosoo Lee


Structural Consultant:  

Árni Björn Jónasson, ARA Engineering


Installation Support:

iLight Marina Bay



Jin Choi

Sophie Cho

Hyokyung Lee

Patti  Murphy

JungHee Suh

Kyula Whang

Miriam Robinson

Insuk Durham

Mirto Golino

Janet Griffin

Nancy Belmudes-Gambill

Dianna Smith

Sandra Feldten

Natalie Weichel

Deidra DePagter Ball

Sue Babbs

Victoria Kruse

Patty Foley

Rose Nissen

Peihan Orestes

Jena Duncan

Elida Fejzaj

Eunhye Kim

Mijeong Takahashi

Concetta Phillipps


Mary Blumestien

Cheryl Blair

Kelly Ran

Corina Palmer

Melinda Burnett

Nora Hill

Sara Gregory

Priscilla Alarcon

Paige Henderson

Renata Carvalho

Effy Basset

Nicole Ranta

Sammi Elliot

Helena Kang

Cindy Ralston

Jen Serwitz

Lillian Hughes

Heather Cap

Faith Taylor

Laura Finder

Lindsey Walsworth

Pam Bee-Lindgren

Priscilla Smith

Amiee Dill

Ashlee Deetz Schleicher

Coty Colson

The design development took about two and a half months.  It involved developing the pattern of the lace and supporting structure for fabrication.  


Most of original lace patterns is from Gilmond’s Needlepoint Made Lace published in 1890 and modified by Jin Choi to use crochet as a method of lace making instead of needlepoint.  She then invented the patterns of the urchins to create a desired form, and give each urchin the right amount or openness, texture and density.   


The fabrication and assembly of crochet surface and supporting structure took another two and a half months.  Crocheting the surface was a very labor intensive work, which involved 50 people all over the world.

The design and images of The Urhins  are copyright 2016, Choi+Shine Architects and may not be used without written permission. The Urhins™  is a tradmark of Choi+Shine Architects.